Pumpkin Pie

A classic pumpkin pie recipe with a couple wildcards to make it extra special. The creamy pumpkin custard is made with with a fragrant five spice blend and baked in a flaky, walnut-lined homemade flaky pie crust.

Pumpkin Pie

This is my go-to pumpkin pie. It has evolved little by little over years and I’m here to tell you it is in a good place. The creamy pumpkin custard is accented with a beautiful homemade five spice blend and baked in a super flaky, all-butter pie crust. There are a couple other special winks, secrets, and details I’ll share below along with a roadmap to a great pie.

a spice of pumpkin pie on a plate with a golden crust and dollop of whipped cream

The Details That Make this Pumpkin Pie Special

This pie has many of the hallmarks of a traditional pumpkin pie (flaky pie crust, warming spices, pumpkin custard), along with the following little tweaks to make the pie extra special.

  • Coconut Milk: While many traditional pumpkin pie recipes use cream, half-and-half, or canned evaporated milk, I like to use full-fat coconut milk. Pumpkin and coconut milk are made for each other. Along with the spice blend, so rich and good.
  • Toasted Nut Layer: For this pie, a simple slather of pureed walnut or hazelnuts is spread across the pie crust before filling and baking. In addition to adding another layer of flavor, it also helps to keep the crust from getting soggy. It’s optional but I rarely bake this pie without it.
  • Citrus-flecked Pie Crust: Incorporate the zest of an orange into your pie dough here. The orange along with the pumpkin, blend of five spices, and coconut milk is really nice.

pie crust lined with hazelnut butter before baking

If you want a more traditional pumpkin pie, swap in heavy cream for the coconut milk. Skip the smear of hazelnuts, and keep your pie crust straight.

a spice of pumpkin pie on a plate with a golden crust and dollop of whipped cream

How To Make a Homemade Pumpkin Pie: Step By Step

Here are the broad strokes it takes to bake a proper pumpkin pie.

  1. Roll out pie dough.
  2. Freeze pie crust for 20 minutes.
  3. Pre-bake pie crust.
  4. Make pumpkin pie filling.
  5. Assemble pie.
  6. Bake pie and cool.

What temperature do you bake pumpkin pie?
And how to avoid cracks.

You see people baking pumpkin pies any where from 325°F to 425°F. I’m a fan of the low end of that spectrum. Baking pumpkin pie at a relatively low temperature, 325°F is one factor that can help avoid dreaded cracking later on.

freshly baked pumpkin pie in glass pie plate

By baking the pie low and slow, you end up with a silky, creamy pumpkin custard (see above). Another tip, allow your pie to cool slowly. And if you do end up with a crack, a strategic dollop of whipped cream always helps!

pumpkin puree, brown sugar, and spices being mixed in large bowl

Pumpkin Pie: Canned pumpkin versus fresh pumpkin - which is better?

I used to be squarely in the make your own pumpkin puree camp. But honestly, you can make really great pumpkin pie filling using canned pumpkin. If you’re using canned pumpkin be sure it is 100% pure pumpkin with no added spices or sugar. Libby’s brand 100% pure pumpkin is a fan favorite, but I’ve also had a lot of success using Farmer’s Market brand, they have an organic pumpkin puree that works (and tastes) great.

To make your own roasted pumpkin puree start with a 3 pound sugar pie pumpkin, 2 tablespoons of olive oil, and a bit of salt. Carefully cut your pumpkin into four wedges, remove seeds and stem, and rub the wedges generously with the olive oil. Sprinkle with salt and roast in a 400°F oven under very tender, about an hour. Scoop the flesh out of the skins and puree with a hand blender or mash well by hand.

You can also substitute roasted sweet potatoes or other roasted winter squash in place of the pumpkin as a variation. And you can use the filling in tarts, or for individual pies/tarts as well.

ingredients to make a pumpkin pie arranged on counter including eggs, brown sugar, pumpkin puree, and vanilla

Pumpkin Pie Spice Blend

This pie uses a five spice blend. It is a bit more assertive than your typical pumpkin pie spice blend. It’s not shy with the cinnamon, and has a good amount of ginger, cloves, and allspice along with freshly grated nutmeg. A couple tips on this front, if you can get your hands on Vietnamese cinnamon, I love it as part of this blend. It’s a little hotter, edgier and assertive. And once you freshly grate nutmeg (use a microplane) you’ll never go back. If you only grind one spice in this blend yourself, let it be the nutmeg.

an all-butter pie crust ready to be filled and baked into pumpkin pie

Do you really need to pre-bake the crust for pumpkin pie?

Pre-baking the crust for this pie makes enough of a difference to be worth it. I’ve tested baking it both ways, and at a range of temperatures. The pumpkin pies made with pre-baked crusts generally had better structure, especially on the bottom. The timing on the overall pie ends up being better as well. The pumpkin custard sets up just about the same time your crust gets nice and golden. So yes, for this pie, I recommend a pre-baked crust. Have a look at how golden and beautiful the crust turns out below.

slice of pumpkin pie on a plate with a fork

Lastly, my tip on the whipped cream front is to avoid over-whipping it. Floppy peaks is what to aim for. Sweeten it to your liking and spike it, if you like, with a little something boozy towards the end of the whipping process.

a spice of pumpkin pie on a plate with a golden crust and dollop of whipped cream

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Pumpkin Pie

5 from 5 votes

As I mention above, freshly ground spices make a difference in a recipe like this. That said, I get it, not everyone has a dedicated spice grinder in their kitchen. Good-quality, pre-ground spices are the next best thing and will also yield wonderful results. One last tip, if you use coconut milk, make sure it is uniform and creamy with no coconut fat chunks visible. You can gently warm it (just a bit) in a small saucepan if needed. You can also make this pie in a 10-inch pie dish.

Nut paste:
  • 1 1/2 cups / 170g hazelnuts or walnuts, toasted
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
Pumpkin Pie Filling:
  • 1/2 cup / 85g light brown sugar
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
  • 3/4 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1/4 teaspoon allspice
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
  • 1/4 teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg
  • 1 teaspoon fine grain sea salt
  • 1 tablespoon arrowroot (or cornstarch), sifted
  • 1 15- ounce can 100% pumpkin
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • 4 extra large eggs, room temperature
  • 1 cup full-fat coconut milk or heavy cream
  • To serve: freshly whipped cream, lightly sweetened
  1. Preheat oven to 375°F / 190°C with a rack in the middle or lower third.

Roll out the pie dough:
  1. If your dough has been chilling overnight allow it to sit at room temperature for a bit before rolling out - 10 - 15 minutes, or so. Lightly flour your work surface, hands, and rolling pin, and roll the pie dough out to 12 inches or so. Large enough to relax into your pie dish with a bit of extra dough beyond the edge. You’re going to want to turn the pie dough clockwise after every few passes with the rolling pin to prevent sticking. Flour more as needed as you’re rolling.

  2. Transfer the dough into a 9-inch pie plate by gently wrapping it around a rolling pin and unrolling it across your pan. Working quickly, coax the dough into place, fold any extra dough onto itself, and then press confidently into the pan to anchor it. Work quickly so your dough doesn’t warm. To make a decorative edge, crimp or pinch around the pie using a fork or pressing your thumb and forefinger of one hand into the forefinger of the other hand. Chill in the freezer for 15-20 minutes.

Pre-bake the pie crust:
  1. Line the crust with parchment paper or aluminum foil and fill with baking weights. Dried beans, rice can be used for this purpose and saved for future use.
  2. Place the pie pan on a large baking sheet. Bake for 20-25 minutes, or until the crust is barely golden at the edges. Remove from the oven, carefully remove weights, prick the base of the crust all over with a fork to prevent puffing. Allow to cool completely on a rack.
Make Pumpkin Pie Filling:
  1. Puree 1 1/2 cups of the toasted walnuts (or hazelnuts) in a food processor with 1 tablespoon of sugar. You want the nuts to turn into a paste, 40-60 seconds, or past the 'crumble' stage. Set aside.
  2. Whisk together the brown sugar, cinnamon, ginger, allspice, cloves, nutmeg, salt, and arrowroot. Stir in the pumpkin puree and vanilla. Now, lightly beat three of the eggs in a small bowl (or pumpkin can). Add the eggs and coconut milk to the pumpkin puree mixture and stir until just combined. Set aside.
Assemble the Pie:
  1. Before filling the pie crust, crumble the hazelnut paste on top of the pie dough into the pie plate. Quickly and gently press it into a thin layer across the bottom creating a layer of walnuts (or hazelnuts) that will sit between the dough and the pumpkin filling. It doesn’t have to be perfect.
  2. Use the last egg, lightly beaten, to gently brush the decorative edges of the pie dough.
  3. Use a fork to prick the pie dough a few times to prevent air bubbles, then fill the pie crust with the pumpkin filling.
Bake the Pie:
  1. Reduce the oven temperature to 325F. Bake the pie for about 50 minutes, and then check on it regularly. The pie is baked when the center of the pie just barely jiggles when you move the pie. The edges should be set. This could take another 10 or twenty minutes.
  2. To avoid cracking, avoid over baking your pie, and allow it to cool slowly if possible. You can do this by turning off the oven and opening the door, to allow a more gradual cool down. Allow to cool to room temperature.

  3. Serve straight or with a dollop of sweetened whipped cream, and a bit of freshly grated nutmeg.

Makes one 9-inch pie.

Prep Time
1 hr
Cook Time
1 hr
Total Time
2 hrs
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Recipe Rating


Hi. This looks yum. Do you use a deep dish or a regular 9-inch pie plate? It looks deep dish in the phone. Can you let me know? Thanks!


    Hi Laura - that pie dish is about 1 1/4-inches to where the crimping indentations in the glass are.

    Heidi Swanson

its lovely

pushp raj

Pumpkin pie is my favourite and this recipe sounds like pumpkin pie heaven. I can't wait to try it.


I think I'll make this tonight... wish me luck as the pumpkin I roasted yesterday probably is not a sugar pie pumpkin (where's the fun if you can't wing it every once in a while?) To cut back on my egg demand, I made an egg wash and froze it in a baby food jar. Now, whenever I need an eggwash, I stick it in the fridge a couple hours in advance, and the top is thawed enough for my use (and I can throw it into scrambled eggs and make fresh egg wash whenever I feel like it). Just a suggestion, as many of your recipes call for an eggwash.


Made the pie for Thanksgiving last week, which we celebrated on Thursday, despite time and distance (we live in Israel). Tripled the recipe and found that the pie baked in a deeper pan was richer and more unctuous in flavor and mouthfeel. Really liked what the coconut milk did for the recipe and yea, it made it non-dairy for those who keep kosher and therefore useful at a meat meal. Used a whole grain oil-based crust, part w.w. and part rye which was good. Wasn't sure that the nut base did it for me. Didn't give me any rush of flavor - used toasted, ground pecans. Your thoughts?

Beth Steinberg

thanks for the discount. I'm getting the Moroccan Tajine and the Za'atar.

steamy kitchen

This pie was everything I hoped for and more - SO delicious! The best pumpkin pie I ever made: Thanks, Heidi! I used a crust recipe that required freezing overnight. I didn't bother to prebake but it didn't cause any problems - the crust was nice and flaky.

Sara from the Flying Trapeze

I have found so many wonderful Pumpkin Pie recipes on blogs over the past few days and here is yet another one. I don't know which one to choose from....I guess I will just have to try them all.

Paula from Only Cookware

Wow Heidi, though not a huge fan of pumpkin pie, I can smell all the spices in this lovely pie! I just posted about a Hot Spiced Rum drink, so I can totally vouch for this combo! and YES, you are totally right about freshly ground spices! they are the best!


Thank you so much for this recipe - I am making a crust-less version with caramelized walnut-paste right now (I had no hazelnuts handy and the stores are closed for the holiday to-day.) It smells fabulous. I was going to give up on Thanksgiving cooking because my lazy extended family opted for a restaurant this year. (Ugh.) But, now I am bringing a fabulous and unexpected dessert (assuming my monkeying didn't ruin it) to my Aunt's afterwards. Thank you and I wish a wonderful Thanksgiving to you and your loved ones.


Heidi, thanks for a very informative and intriguing post. Love your site by the way and find it very inspirational. I'm intrigued by the idea of blending spice like perfume, with base, middle and top notes, but I'm not too sure how this works? Can you blend spices which belong to different groups? It sounds like the "unifying / amalgamating" group would go well with any of the other groups - would these form the middle notes? Which groups are base notes and which are top notes? And I'm really intrigued by the idea of rose-petal cinnamon! Happy Thanksgiving!


The pie looks so tempting! I think I'll try making this sometime...my parents don't like pumpkin pie, but maybe my mother will like this one. I wish you could cook for my family and me. Do you ever use butternut squash as a substitute? Happy Thanksgiving!


nothing beats cooking/baking with fresh spices - I LOVE the recipes for Kathy's Pumpkin Pie Spice Blend, and the Roasted Pumpkin Puree!! Fabulous!!


Not only do I love this recipe, but I like the name too! Happy Thanksgiving to you and yours!


Thank you for the idea of using coconut milk instead of milk. Hubby cannot have any milk products, so this is perfect timing so we can still enjoy pumpkin pie! Happy Thanksgiving!


Thank you for the idea of using coconut milk instead of milk. Hubby cannot have any milk products, so this is perfect timing so we can still enjoy pumpkin pie! Happy Thanksgiving!


Hi all, Happy Thanksgiving to you too! I'm so happy to hear how interested you are in Kathy's spice knowledge - maybe I can do a follow up to this sometime next year - rooted in a different recipe. I'm also thrilled some of you are open to trying the coconut milk in this recipe, I really love it. Jen, I'd check on Gluten-free Girl - she might have a good GF crust in her archives, I'm sure you could tweak the dairy from there and use soy milk or something. Barbara, yes remove the skin before doing the mash/puree - will note that. -h


In Italy we have an incredible spice blend that sounds similar, called the Queen's spices or droghe. I just blogged about the Lucca Sweet Chard Tart I made this week. We use the spices and it tastes like Pumpkin pie... but better. And they use Raisins and pinenuts. happy thanksgiving from Italy


I love Kathy's rose petal cinnamon too, she sent us a bunch when we shot her new packaging. I am a big fan of hers. I can't wait to try this recipe. Do you have a good dairy free/ wheat free crust? I have been getting the Cafe Gratitude pecan pie, yum. The crust is coconut and nuts. Happy Holiday.

Jen Carden

okay...new cook here and i have 2 questions, are you supposed to remove the pumpkin skin after roasting and will it destroy the pie if i didn't?


YUMMY~ I like pumpkin pie~

YOYO Cooking

Wow! I'll bet this has got to be the most fragrant job in the world. I love the guide to spice mixtures and will start mixing some of my own in small batches! And the coconut milk tip... can't wait to try it!

Deborah Dowd

Great idea for using coconut milk in place of cream. Happy Thanksgiving, Heidi! xx


Oh, really brilliant recipe.I'm also try making this item & not accurate this .little bit different flavor. Again say really exceptional.

Asaduzzaman -Kafi

Ah! I'm making pumpkin pie tomorrow but I don't dare venture from the tried and true at the last moment but I think I'll try this later in the week and see how it goes I would never have thought about coconut milk instead of cream - interesting idea! -S. www.cookbookcatchall.blogspot.com


Brilliant! I can't wait to try this :-)

Wicked Good Dinner

Not only great recipes, but great spice categories to play with. As a long-time lurker, I have to say: your site is ever-so-handy!


That looks simply scrumptious!


Thank you so much Heidi for the SPICY info. It is really good to have and worth knowing. I love spices! This pie looks and sounds amazing. Happy thanksgiving :)

Colleen in South Africa

Patsy: It would absolutely work as a baked pudding...I nearly always make my grandmother's pumpkin pie recipe that way because I love pumpkin but don't feel that strongly about pie crust. And hey, that way you can convince yourself it's healthy! A waterbath is unneccessary (in fact, I think the slightly browned/caramelized places on the edges are the best part).


I had been looking for a fancied-up pumpkin pie recipe and today this appeared on my RSS - score!! Meanwhile, I have all this coconut milk I've been looking to use up! I am way too excited about the hazelnut paste addition. Thanks for another great recipe, Heidi!!

The Flying Trapeze

This sounds delicious. Does anyone think it would work as a baked pudding/brulee done in ramekins and a waterbath? The crust has never been my favorite part, and now that I have wheat issues...


are we sharing secrets? Kathy's dried rose petal powder is something from another place! Zow. So lovely to see you writing about her here, Heidi! I'm sure the two of you together is a sight and scent to behold. Happy Thanksgiving. Thank you for giving us so much.

shuna fish lydon

Great primer on blending spices! Many thanks. I have a grinder and grind a few fresh but have never really known enough about the blending!


Wow, thanks for a super-informative and inspiring post. I've been thinking a lot about spicing and flavouring lately, and it really helps to read more about blending spices. So exciting!


I totally love spices, I gained an appreciation for them going through the souks in Marrakesh, the smells were unbelievable. I have bookmarked The Occasional Gourmet and will definitely order from them. Do u have any suggestions for nuts? I had a hard time finding Brazil nuts and even hazelnuts. Thanks!!!


Heidi, you read my mind! And probably everyone else's mind this time of year. I am planning to make a Pumpkin Pie for Thanksgiving *tonight* and this was exactly what I needed!!!


love the nut base! can't wait to experiment with that! i find the flavor is even richer if you toast the spices before grinding -- Indian style. just put all of the spices to be ground into a small skillet and toast over med-low heat, shaking periodically, until they're heated through and slightly more brown. also, i find that cinnamon is easier to grind in "flat bark" style than in sticks. you can get a large bag of good, strong cinnamon in flat bark pieces for next to nothing at most Indian groceries. I will never go back to pre-ground cinnamon! The flavor difference is marked -- that sweet, fiery flavor that you get from cinnamon oil-flavored candies is available in every cinnamon recipe this way.


Heidi, I think you should add Autumn Millet Bake to your list of Thanksgiving recipes--it is definitely on mine! This pie recipe looks divine, btw.


Thank you for this mini-tutorial. I'll visit her online.


Oooh, I just dribbled. The passionate use of a pallette of spices can be compared to painting a picture or writing a poem, I am sure.


I must admit I've never had pumpkin pie, but your recipe is tempting me to try and make it myself! You are very lucky to learn from Kathy. I adore spices, and would have loved to be there with you! Hey, maybe she should organise some courses/lectures? :) I live in the UK, and unfortunately I wouldn't be able to come, but I'm sure there would be people who are interested!

maninas: food matters

I must admit I've never had pumpkin pie, but your recipe is tempting me to try and make it myself! You are very lucky to learn from Kathy. I adore spices, and would have loved to be there with you! Hey, maybe she should organise some courses/lectures? :) I live in the UK, and unfortunately I wouldn't be able to come, but I'm sure there would be people who are interested!

maninas: food matters

I so agree with your comparison of spices with perfumes! I always felt the same way. Blending spaces is very delicate art and I appreciate it very much. This all sound wonderful. You are so lucky to have an opportunity to learn from such a inspiring teacher!


There are fantastic spice blends that can be created simply by trying using different ones together, but there is always something to be said for finding the best and using it to full advantage. Will def. try adding a nut butter to the base of some of my pies. mmm ganache torte with walnut nut base.


I love what British-Australian chef Skye Gyngell does with herbs - she uses the same system of base and top note herbs, which I've found very useful in my kitchen. I hadn't seen the same system applied to spices, so Kathy's sweet/tangy/pungent/hot/unifying 'philosophy' seems very helpful. Thanks for sharing this, Heidi!


I love the concept of a "bridge spice"! I was contemplating something similar recently, specifically whether shiitake broth and won ton wrappers used to make ravioli created enough of a bridge between Italian and Chinese ingredients that I could use flavorings from both cuisines in a tasteful way. Michael The Herbivoracious Blog

Michael Natkin

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